Representatives in Congress — Senators and Representatives in State Legislature — County Commissioners — County Auditors — County Treasurers — County Collectors — County Assessors — County Recorders — County Surveyors — President Judges — Associate Judges — Clerks of Courts — Prosecuting Attorneys — Sheriffs — Coroners — Probate Judges — Superior Court.
REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS.
IN the year 1802, the State Constitution was adopted, and in 1803, the County of Franklin was organized.
Until 1812, the State was entitled to but one Representative in Congress; from 1812 until 1822, the State was entitled to six; from 1822 until 1832, to fourteen; from 1832 until 1842, to nineteen; and since 1842, to twenty-one. From 1812 until 1822, our Congressional District was composed of the counties of Franklin, Licking, Delaware, Madison, Fairfield, Champaign, Montgomery, Miami and Darke; from 1822 until 1832, of Franklin, Delaware, Marion, Crawford, Knox, Licking and Coshocton; form 1832 until 1842, of Franklin,
Madison, Pickaway, Delaware and Marion; from 1842 until 1852, of Franklin, Licking, Knox and Delaware; and since 1852, of Franklin, Licking and Pickaway.
The first election for a member of Congress was held on the 27th of June, 1803, to elect one member for two years from the fourth of March, then past. And since then, the elections for Congressmen have always been held in October.
Wm. H. Harrison had been a Delegate in Congress from the Northwestern Territory. He was elected by the first Territorial Legislature, convened at Cincinnati, in September, 1799.
Members of Congress Elected.*
* It will be recollected that members of Congress for the regular terms, are elected one year previous to taking their seats. They are chosen at the October election, and their time properly commences the 4th of March ensuing; but in consequence of Congress not meeting until December, it makes the time over a year from their election until they take seats at Washington.
SENATORS IN STATE LEGISLATURE.
Until the year 1810, Franklin, Ross and Highland Counties constituted a Senatorial District, which was entitled to two Senators. In 1810, Franklin, Delaware, Madison, and part of Pickaway, that had been stricken off of Franklin, were constituted a District, and entitled to one Senator; and so continued until 1820, when Union was added to the District. In 1823, Franklin, Madison, Delaware, Union, Marion and Crawford, all elected together, one Senator. From 1827 until 1840, Franklin and Pickaway composed the Senatorial District. From 1840 until 1848, the District was composed of the counties of Franklin, Madison and Clark; from 1848 until 1851, of Franklin and Delaware; and since 1851, of Franklin and Pickaway again.
Senators Elected.1803. Nathaniel Massie and Abraham Claypool.
1804. Joseph Kerr in place of Massie.
1805. Duncan McArthur in place of Claypool.
1806. Abraham Claypool in place of Kerr.
1807. Duncan McArthur reëlected.
1808. Henry Massie in place of Claypool.
1809. Duncan McArthur reëlected.
1810. Joseph Foos of Franklin County.
1812. John Barr, of Pickaway County.
1814. Joseph Foos, of Franklin County.
1816. Thomas Johnston, of Franklin County.
1818. Joseph Foos, of Franklin County.
1820. Jsoeph Foos, of Franklin County.
1822.Henry Brown,* of Franklin County served one session.
1823. James Kooken, of Franklin County, one session, in place of
1824. Joseph Foos, of Franklin County.
1826. Joseph Foos, of Franklin County.
1828. Joseph Olds, Of Pickaway,--served by virtue of his election
in 1827, before Franklin elected with Pickaway.
1829. Joseph Olds reëlected.
1831. William Doherty, of Franklin County.
1833. Ralph Osborn, of Franklin County.
1835. Elias Florenc, of Pickaway County.
1837. John L. Green, of Pickaway County.
1839. John L. Green, of Pickaway County.
1840. (New District.) Alex. Waddle, of Clark County.
1842. Joseph Ridgeway, jr., of Franklin County.
1844. Alfred Kelley, of Franklin County.
1846. J. Stutson, of Madison County.
1848. William Dennison, jr., of Franklin County.
1850. Abraham Thomson, of Delaware County.
1851. John Cradlebaugh, of Pickaway. (Change of District.)
1853. Samuel Bartlett of Franklin County.
1855. Alfred Kelley, of Franklin County.
1857. Augustus L. Perrill, of Pickaway County.
REPRESENTATIVES IN THE STATE LEGISLATURE.
Until the year 1808, Franklin elected with Ross County, and was represented by four members. In 1808 and 1809, Franklin and Delaware elected together, and were entitled to one member. In 1810 and 1811, Franklin, Delaware, Madison, and part of Pickaway, elected together, and were entitled to one member. In 1812, Franklin alone was first entitled to one member, and continued to be represented by one until 1828, when she was entitled, for one session, to two member; then reduced to one until 1832, when she again elected two members; in 1833, only one; in 1834, tow; in 1835 and 1836, only one; in 1837 and 1838, two; in 1839 and 1840, one; in 1841, two; in 1843, two; in 1844 and 1845, Franklin and Madison two; in 1846 and 1847, two; in 1848, 1849 and 1850, one; and one additional member elected in common with Delaware; and since 1851, under the New Constitution,
Franklin is entitled to two members, to be elected biennially.
The first Board of Commissioners for Franklin County, were elected in June 1804, and their terms of service determined by lot, as follows, to wit:
* In 1821, the office of County Auditor was created, and Joseph Grate was appointed to that office--a part of the duties of which is to act as Clerk of the Board of Commissioners; so that, now the Commissioners have not the appointing of their own Clerk, but the Auditor for the time being, must act as such.
The office of County Auditor was created at the session of 1820-21.* Prior to that time the principal duties since performed by the Auditor, were discharged by the County Commissioners and their clerk. The Auditor was elected annually until 1824, and since then biennially.
In March, 1821, Joseph Grate was appointed by the Commissioners, first Auditor of Franklin County.
* At the preceding session of the Legislature, Judge Flenniken was appointed, by the title of Auditor, to rate the lands of this county for taxation; but it was entirely a different office from the present, and only continued one year.
The lands were then classed for taxation as first, second and third rate, and charged a specified sum per hundred acres for each respective class.
The Treasurer was first appointed by the Associate Judges, then by the County Commissioners, until 1827. On the 24th of January, 1827, an act was passed by the Legislature, which provided for the election of the
Treasurer by the people biennially. The same provision of law still remains.
In 1803, Jacob Grubb was appointed by the Associate Judges the first Treasurer of Franklin County, and was continued yearly by reäppontment until 1827.
Many changes have taken place in the mode of collecting taxes. The first two or three years after the organization of this county, the chattel tax was collected by Township Collectors, and a County Collector collected the land tax. After that, say from about 1806 till 1820, the State was divided into four districts, and a Collector of non-resident land tax appointed by the Legislature for each district; and at the same time the County Collector collected the chattel tax, and tax upon resident lands. And from about 1820 until 1827, the County Collectors collected all taxes fro State and county purposes. Since 1827, it has been the duty of the Treasurer to receive, or collect the taxes.
The office of County Assessor was not created until by a Legislative act of February 3, 1825, which act gave the power of appointment to the Court of Common Pleas. Prior to that, each township elected its own Assessor at the time of choosing Supervisors and other township officers in the spring of the year. On the 16th of January, 1826, an act was passed requiring the County Commissioners to appoint an Assessor from
March until October following, and after October, 1827, for the voters to elect biennially.
On the 20th of March, 1841, an act was passed abolishing the office of County Assessor, and providing for the election of a Township Assessor in each township as formerly.
This office was filled by appointment by the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas until 1831. Since then the Recorder has been electable by the people triennially.
In January, 1804, Lucas Sullivant was appointed first Recorder, and continued till 1807.
1813. Lincoln Goodale, appointed and continued till '17.
1817. Abram J. McDowell, appointed and continued till '31.
The office of County Surveyor was filled by appointment by the Court of Common Pleas until after the passage of a law on the 3d of March, 1831, which provided for the election of Surveyor triennially by the legal voters of the county.
Who have presided at the Franklin County Courts of Common Pleas.
On the second Monday of February, 1852, the office became abolished by the New Constitution.
In 1810, Miner fell within the bounds of Madison, when that county was created.
*Afterward promoted to the Bench of the Supreme Court.
Until the adoption of the New Constitution, the office of Clerk for the Court of Common Pleas, and for the Supreme Court, were separate and distinct appointments—each court appointing its own clerk for the term of seven years. But, in Franklin County, as in many others, the two appointments were always given to the same individual. Under the New Constitution one clerk is elected for both courts.
On the second Monday of February, 1852, Mr. Heyl's office became vacated by the New Constitution.
Until 1833, the Prosecuting Attorneys were appointed by the court, and the appointments were generally made for an indefinite length of time. Some served, probably, but one term—others for several years. No pretensions were made to precision under this head until 1833, since which Prosecuting Attorneys are elected biennially.
1820. Thomas Backus in place of McDowell, elected judge.
About 1821, John R. Parish, and continued for several years; and then James K. Corey several years.
Gustavus Swan, Orris Parish, Wm. Doherty, and probably some others, have occasionally prosecuted for a single term, during the absence or inability of the regular prosecutor.
From 1829 or '30, Joseph R. Swan, by appointment, until 1833; and in October, 1833, Joseph R. Swan was elected for two years.
*Mr. Domigan was the grandfather of our late Sheriff, Domigan.
This office was created by the New Constitution; and in October, 1851, William R. Rankin was elected first Probate Judge, for three years, commencing in February, 1852.
April, 1857, Fitch J. Matthews elected Judge for five years, from 1st of May following.
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