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This regiment was organized at Camp Dennison, in August and September, 1861. Before this period, it was in the three months service, participating in the first "flurry" of war around Washington city. In the organization for three years, the majority of the field, line and staff had seen three months' service.

In September, 1861, the regiment, with a full complement of officers, and over nine hundred men, moved, by order of General O. W. Mitchell, to Olympian Springs, in eastern Kentucky. This was the first regiment of national troops in that portion of the State, and the good behavior of the soldiers of the Second regiment did much to remove the general opinion that the "yankees" we anything except honorable.

On the twenty-second of October, the regiment made a forced night march, of nearly thirty miles, surprising, and totally defeating the rebels, under Jack May. The rebel loss, in killed and wounded, was considerable, while the Second came off unharmed.

Subsequently, the regiment joined the command of General Nelson, and was in the movement on Prestonburg, and the repulse of the rebels at Ivy Mountain, in which it lost two men killed, and seven wounded. From here the Second repaired to Louisville, where it was brigaded, and attached to the division of General O. M. Mitchell.

The winter of 1861-2 was passed in perfecting themselves in drill, preparatory to the arduous work before the.

In February, 1862, the division, Major-general B. C. Buell commanding, moved on to Bowling Green, Gallatin and Nashville, occupying the last-named place. When, on march, General Buell's army moved to the assistance of General Grant, at Pittsburgh Landing, the Second Ohio moved, with its division, on Murfreesboro, Shelbyville, Fayetteville, and Huntsville, and engaged in several small affairs with the enemy, along the Memphis & Charleston Railroad. The regiment was also with the column that first occupied Bridgeport.

On Bragg's invasion of Kentucky, the Second Ohio, then stationed at Battle Creek, Tennessee, moved across the mountains, to Louisville, where the army was organized. The Second was assigned to Resseau's division in General McCook's left wing, and, with two divisions of that command, participated in the well-contested battle of Perryville, or Chaplin Hills, losing, on the 8th of October, nearly forty per cent of all engaged. Captains Berryhill and Herel, and twenty-seven enlisted men, were killed, and Captains Beatty, Maxwell, and McCoy, and eighty-seven enlisted men, wounded. Our army pursued the flying rebels as far as Crab Orchard, and returned to Nashville. General Wm. S. Rosecrans, succeeding Buell in command, changed the name of the department to the "Army of the Cumberland." Subsequently, the division to which the Second Ohio was attached, was assigned to the Fourteenth army corps, General George H. Thomas, commanding, where it remained up to the battle of Atlanta, participating in all the marches and battles of that distinguished corps. At the battle of Stone River, December 31, 1862, the Second was closely engaged, and suffered serious loss. In this action the regiment captured the colors of the Thirty-second regiment Arkansas volunteers. Chickamauga was the next battle-ground. In this hotly-contested engagement, the regiment lost one hundred and eighty-three officers and men, killed, wounded, and missing.

Falling back into the intrenchments, they remained until November 24, 1862, when the brigade to which the Second Ohio was attached was sent to the assistance of General Hooker, participated, on Lookout mountain, in his celebrated battle above the clouds. In the battle of Mission Ridge, which occurred on the succeeding day, the regiment made its way to the crest, with slight loss, and captured the colors of the Thirty-eighth Alabama. The enemy was pursued to Ringgold, Georgia, where a halt was made. The regiment was in the advance of the reconnoissance [sic.] to Buzzard's Roost, in February, 1864.

In May, following, the regiment formed a portion of Sherman's force for the Atlanta campaign, and on the fourteenth of that month, at Resaca, suffered heavily in an attempt to carry, by assault, the enemy's intrenched position, losing Captain Jacob Fottrell, and twelve men, killed, and Captains Staley and Mitchell, and twenty-seven men wounded.

The regiment next moved with the division to the Ghattahootchie [Sic.] river, and on July 21, 1864, took part in the battle of Peachtree creek. Here First Lieutenant and Adjutant John W. Thomas was killed, the last man of the regiment to offer up his life for the flag.

The regiment remained in front of Atlanta until August 1, 1864, when it was ordered to Chattanooga, for final discharge, and some four weeks later was mustered out at Columbus, Ohio, having seen thirty-eight months of active service. The regiment's loss, killed in battle, hone hundred and eleven; wounded, four hundred and twenty-five.

Mustered into service September 18, 1861, for three years.
Captain O. C. Maxwell. First Lieutenant, John A. Allen. Second Lieutenant John F. Gallagher.
Sergeant Jacob A. Leonard. Sergeant Jacob Thompson Sergeant Tobias Ross. Sergeant Benton Richard. Sergeant Slexander Schenck. Corporal John W. Buehner. Corporal Andrew I. Ward. Corporal Cyrus Anderson. Corporal William M. Adams. Corporal Benj. D. Vanderveer, Corporal Thomas Neal. Corporal Watson Buckman. Corporal Stephen B. Staley. Musician G. M. Woodward. Musician Franklin Kline. Wagoner, John Tapscott.
Benjamin Anderson, Joseph Ashmore, Alleazor Allis, Thomas Auld, James M. Ackley, Peter Antonattis, Benton Cotterman, David P. Caskey, Thomas Crawford, Jacob Confer, Charles Cochran, John Coffman, Richard Carroll, David Coffman, Michael Coyle, Samuel Crawford, Nelson Coleman, Thomas Corbit, John Confer, Clay Deckert, Thomas Dickensherts, John Dundare, William B. Dudley, John Emerick, John Eckhart,
Alexander Fox,
Micahael Gaiger,
Andrew B. Gibson,
William A. Hudson,
M. H. Franklin,
Isaac Hale,
Oliver P. Huffman,
Enoch Hoover,
John Huntsbarger,
Thomas Ireland,
Richard F. Ireland,
James S. King,
John Kelly,
Frederick Kline,
Johathan H. Kline,
Benjamin F. Lee,
Frederick Luber,
Jacob Luber,
Michael R. Luahey,
Jesse Lee,
William Lafuvers,
Francis Marvin,
Milliam McCullough,
Samuel Myers,
William McLane,
Thomas Moore,
Edmund O'Daniels,
Joseph Pressler,
John F. Price,
Michael poast,
William P. Pebles,
Luther R.. Phillips.
Benjamin Riggs,
Philip H. Smith,
Dunham Srackengast,
John Shedy,
Samuel Sawyers,
David H. Staley,
Charles Seibold,
Ira C. Smock,
Thomas I Stetler,
G. R. Schenck,
Johnson Stump,
Joseph Thompson,
Ely Tyson,
Sidney D. Vanderveer,
Joseph B. Woodward,
John Watson,
Samuel Ward,
William H. Widaman,
Martin Y. Ward
George Wilson.
Mustered into service January 15, 1862, for three years.
Captain Milton McCoy, First Lieutenant A. W. Plumer.
Sergeant Perry L. Moss. Sergeant Nelson McCoy. Corporal William Lindsay. Corporal John Pontious. Corporal George Floyd. Corporal Daniel W. Best.
Thomas Clifton, Washington Congrove, Isaac Dennis, Barton Dawson, Dennis Doyle, Thad Floyd, Henry Fulderson,
Martin Green,
Liberty Jenks,
George Littleton,
Jacob McKnight,
Charles McFall,
Marwin D. Odin,
David Hern,
William Richison,
William Sapp,
Syrus Smith,
William Smith,
David Smith,
James Smith,
Christ Stouch,
George Seigles,
Jonas Fatinan,
Frank Tulley,
Rodney Webb,
William Walston,
Frank Wright,
Fred Withner,
Ira Pense.
Captain William Baldwin First Lieutenant Thomas F. Brand, resigned [No date given.] Second Lieutenant Alexander S. Berryhill, promoted First Lieutenant June 25, 1861
First Sergeant Henry Ashton, promoted Second Lieutenant January 25, 1961. Sergeant James Mathis. Sergeant John P. Dolbow. Sergeant William A. Ward. Corporal Joshua G. Palmer Corporal William Mayse. Corporal George W. Stoddard. Corporal John J. Anderson. Drummer John S. Helms, discharged [No date given.]
Jacob H. Armstrong,
Beverly W. Brown,
James Chapman,
James P. Conn,
Michael Durkin,
Robert Ellis,
Alesander Fisher,
John Gugenham,
Isaac Groves,
John F. Harr,
Peter Hardman.
Add M. Heflebower, 
Charles C. Jamison,
Melvin Kenfield,
Joshua C. Light,
William A. McComsey,
Martin Mooney,
Ferrel McCue,
John McDermitt,
Thomas M. Owen,
Edward Purcell,
Frederick Ribermen,
Amos Richardson,
Willard C. Smith,
Charles J. Scott,
James E. Taylor,
Henry L. Toomyres,
Mastin R. Wright,
Mathew Weaver,
Charles Arden,
Charles A. Cushman,
Richard Clary,
Nathaniel Darrow,
Monroe Elliott,
William C. Flago,
Michael Fritz,
Daniel C. Groves,
John Gehler,
Henry H. Hess,
John G. Hoisengton,
Sanders V. Hubble,
David B. Kelch,
John H. Keifer,
James R. Lynch,
James M. Mitchell,
Jerome B. Miller,
Michael McFetridge,
John Newlove,
Samuel B. Price,
Charles H. Rhodes,
James Riddle,
Charles Stocks,
Alvaro Smith,
Theodore Stansbury,
Henry V. Taylor,
John Turney,
Cyrus F. Ward,
Ambros M. Voke,
Jacob M. Young.
The writer is informed that the "Videttes," Captain Thrall, and the "Fencibles," Captain J. H. Riley, were assigned to this regiment, but is unable to find any record of them in the office of the adjutant general.
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