seventh child of William and Jane (Moore) Caldwell, was born in Huntingdon county, Pennsylvania, February 5, 1800. His parents were natives of the same county, but of Irish ancestry, and emigrated from Pennsylvania to Ohio, with their family, in October, 1808, locating, first, about a mile west of Kingston, on the old Lancaster road. In March, 1809, Mr. Caldwell removed to Pickaway township and settled on the west half of section fifteen, where he resided until his death, March 21, 1815, aged fifty two years. Mrs. Caldwell died September 1, 1823. They were among the early members of the Mount Pleasant presbyterian church, in Ross county, of which Mr. Caldwell was elected a ruling elder, and ordained to that office August 7, 1811. Their children, besides John, with the dates of their birth, were as follows: James and David, twins, born July 28, 1787; Robert, born January 25, 1790; Samuel, born June 14, 1792; William, born August 29, 1794; Elizabeth (Mrs. Elias Benton), June 12, 1797; Daniel, born July 9, 1802; Joseph, born May 1, 1804; Johnson, born January 12, 1805.
John Caldwell, the subject of this sketch, married January 24, 1828, Elizabeth, daughter of Isaac and Elizabeth Monnett, and resided on the homestead until 1855, when he moved to the place where he now loves. Mrs. Caldwell died Jun 22, 1838. By this marriage there were seven children, as follows: Elizabeth Jane, born February 23, 1829, married Dwight Calhoun, October 29, 1848, and now lives near Kenton, Hardin county, Ohio; has six children. Isaac M., born February 2, 1830, married Sophronia Morris, November 7, 1852, died May 4, 1863, in camp, near Memphis, Tennessee. His widow, with three children lives in Pickaway township, Pickaway county, Ohio. Robert, born February 22, 1831, married Cynthia Pinneo, August, 1856. He now lives in Sheldon, Illinois; has three children. William Lewis, born March 12, 1832, married Alvina Tobias, October, 1860, and died July 8, 1876. His widow lives in Sheldon, Illinois, and has five children. Amos B., born December 17, 1833, married first, Margaret Pinneo, and second (February 13, 1866), Lovinia Holmes, and is now a resident of Sheldon, Illinois. He has five children by his first wife. John Wesley, born February 11, 1835, married Virilla Shoecraft, June 1867. He is at present superintendent of public works, of Seymour, Indiana. He has one child living, and one deceased. Sarah B., born June 22, 1837; died March 19, 1838.
Mr. Caldwell was married November 12, 1839, to Rebecca McClellan, daughter of Thomas and Ann (Kinnear) McClellan, who was born February 13, 1810. The fruit of this marriage was three children, the eldest of whom, born August 19, 1840, died in infancy. Ann Maria, born November 24, 1841, is unmarried, and is at present a teacher, with her brother, in the schools at Seymour, Indiana. Thomas McClellan, the youngest, was born June 20, 1843, and died September 23, 1852.
Mr. Caldwell has filled the office of township clerk of Pickaway for a number of years, and served as justice of the peace three successive terms, beginning in 1836. He has given all of his children a fair education, two of whom--John Wesley and Ann Maria--having graduated, in 1861, respectively, at Ohio Wesleyan university, and Ohio Wesleyan female college, Delaware, Ohio.
Mr. Caldwell is a devoted member of the Methodist Episcopal church, of which he is a liberal supporter, and enjoys the universal respect of his fellow citizens.